Social Security is one of the few supplemental income sources during retirement that changes each year for inflation. It is important to decide whether you should wait to receive Social Security benefits. If you choose to start your benefits before your full retirement age, your benefits will likely be reduced at a fraction of a percent for every month before you reach the full retirement age. It might be better to wait until you reach full retirement age or even delay it some more to receive an increase in Social Security benefits. Not a reader? Scroll down to watch a video about Social Security.
According to Social Security Administration, based on data from 2022, your full retirement age =
* 66 years and four months (if born in 1956)
* 67 years for those born in 1960 and beyond.
You want to stop working before retirement age & start receiving Social Security benefits:
- You can apply for Social Security Benefits as early as age 62
- If you apply before reaching your full retirement age your benefits will be reduced by 6% per year or 0.5% per month (2022), and if you delay it’s an 8% per year deferral credit or 0.67% per month.
Some people decide to apply for Social Security benefits before reaching their full retirement age to get extra income to support their needs. The earliest you can apply is at age 62. However, if you decide to apply early you will get a reduction on your Social Security income and you will miss out on the additional earning increase you would receive if you apply after your full retirement age up to age 70 (see Table 1). If you start a job after receiving Social Security benefits, your benefit payments will be recalculated based on that year’s set income limits.
You will automatically enroll in Original Medicare (Part A and Part B) when you turn 65.
Table 1, 2020 What your Social Security reduction would be if you applied at age 62 compared to an increase at age 70
You want to keep working and receive Social Security benefits.
- You can work and receive Social Security benefits.
- Your Social Security benefits will be reduced until you reach full retirement age.
- The maximum income you can earn to avoid an extra benefit reduction depends on how close you are to the full retirement age. If your income is above this limit, they will reduce the benefits you will receive until you reach full retirement age.
- Double penalty – if you earn more than the income limit and apply before full retirement age.
- There are no reductions if you are working after you reach your full retirement age.
Can you work and receive Social Security benefits?
Yes, you can work and get Social Security benefits at the same time. Social Security can give you the extra boost of income you need if your job doesn’t give you enough. However, there are income limits. If you earn more than these limits, they will deduct a certain amount from your benefits. The income limits only apply to income from work, and it does not count for investments, annuities, pensions, or capital gains.
What are the Income Limits for 2022?
The Social Security Administration sets its income limits for people who receive Social Security benefits every year. This is the amount you are allowed to earn without getting a reduction on your Social Security payments. If you make more than the limit ($19,560 in 2022), your benefits will be reduced (if you are younger than the retirement age). Luckily these reductions will be given back to you when you reach full retirement. The social security benefits are only withheld temporarily.
If you’re younger than full retirement age during all of 2022, they will deduct $1 from your benefits for each $2 you earn above $19,560. If you reach full retirement that year, the limit changes to $51,960 (2022). They will deduct $1 in benefits for every $3 you earn above the limit.
If you are older than full retirement and decide to work, you will receive your full benefits; there are no income limits.
For more examples, visit ssa.gov.
*note: there are different rules if you work outside the country or are on disability.
You will automatically enroll in Original Medicare (Part A and Part B) when you turn 65. Check before signing up for Medicare Part B if you or your spouse are still covered under an employer-provided group health plan.
You want to keep working and not receive your retirement benefits yet.
- If you decide to keep working and not start your benefits until after your full retirement age, your benefits will increase for every month you do not receive them until you reach the age of 70.
- Delaying can also increase your benefits because your current earnings could replace an earlier year of lower or no wages.
How much will you get?→Social Security Quick Calculator
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Want to learn more?
Feel free to schedule a meeting with one of our licensed financial planners if you need help deciding when to apply for social security benefits or retirement planning in general; identifying goals and objectives is key to a successful retirement.
We also offer a free Retirement Roadblocks Webinar where Policy Engineer Co-Founders Matt and Chris Franchina will be covering each financial risk and how to properly navigate them on your retirement journey.
- Sequence of Returns
- Withdrawal Rate
- Social Security